Munshi Premchand (July 31, 1880 – October 8, 1936) was a famous writer of modern Hindi-Urdu literature. He is generally recognized in India as the foremost Hindi-Urdu writer of the early twentieth century. He is a novel writer, story writer, dramatist. He is known as “Upanyas Samrat” means novel writer.
Premchand was born on July 31, 1880 in the village Lamhi near Varanasi in a Kayastha family to Munshi Ajaib Lal, a postal clerk, and his wife Anandi. His parents named him Dhanpat Rai (“master of wealth”) while his uncle, Mahabir, a rich landowner, called him Nawab (Prince), the name Premchand first chose to write under. His early education was at a local madarsa under a maulvi, where he studied Urdu. Premchand’s parents died young – his mother when he was seven and his father when he was sixteen or seventeen and still a student. His father’s death left Premchand with no other option but to absent himself from the intermediate examination he was going to give that year. Moreover Premchand was left responsible for his stepmother and step-siblings. The next year when he gave his intermediate examination, indeed he got successful scoring second division but he was unable to enter college. Coincidentally near Varanasi in Chunar there in a school he got employed as a teacher. From 1899 to 1921 Premchand worked as a school teacher when in Gorakhpur he gave resignation as a government employee on call of Mahatma Gandhi. Being in profession as a school teacher he completed his Bachelor of Arts degree.
Panch Parameshvar is a story about two friends Juman and Algu who live in a village in India. One of the friend Juman troubles his aunt who seeks the help of the village panchayat to get justice. Juman’s friend Algu is chosen as the judge, and on the post Algu takes the correct action (which is against his friend) due to which their friendship is broken. After sometime Algu decides to sell his buffalo to the local moneylender but is cheated. The matter goes to the panchayat in which Juman is chosen as a judge. Juman understands that a judge should not be biased and he is superior to normal social human beings and is like a god.He proclaims a justifiable decision in favour of Algu, his former friend.In the end the Algu and Juman re-unite, becoming friends again.